Showing posts with label Bambusa. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Bambusa. Show all posts

Bambusa textilis Gracilis Weaver’s Bamboo Spec and Info

Slender Weaver’s Bamboo (Bambusa textilis gracilis)  is commonly called the Weaver’s bamboo. 

This clumping bamboo is tall, slender, upright, and thin-walled; a specimen of non-invasive bamboo. 

It can grow to 10 metres in height, ideal for garden hedges, privacy screens and large heavy-duty pots. 
Bambusa textilis gracilis is a standout bamboo plant to grow outdoors, or in pots and containers.


Quick facts

  • Identification: Weaver's bamboo 'Gracilis', Bambusa textilis var. gracilis, Weaver's bamboo, Graceful weaver's bamboo.
  • Foliage: Evergreen dense foliage.
  • Culm: Tall upright slender bamboo.
  • Height: 9 – 10m, tall/large bamboo
  • Spread: 3 – 4m clump-forming
  • Use: Privacy screens, garden hedging, containers, oriental garden, individual plant, landscaping
  • Perennial: 20 years.

Bamboo growth requirements

  • Site: Full sun to part shade.
  • Soil: loamy, sand and clay.
  • Moisture: Well-drained and moist.
  • Hardiness: – 10 to – 4 degrees Celsius, UK H4 hardy.
Check out the list of UK Home and Garden retailers that sell bamboo plants.

Varieties of Bambusa textilis 'Gracilis' cultivars

The distinct variations among the Bambusa textilis cultivars make it easy to tell them apart. 

First, let’s take a look at the 5 common Bambusa textilis 'Gracilis' cultivars. 

Slender Weaver’s Gracilis Bamboo (Bambusa textilis var. gracilis): 

This is the common Weavers’ Bamboo in the Bambusa gracilis group. Its desirable slender and clump-forming nature makes it a preferred choice for tall privacy screens and garden hedging. 

Emerald Bamboo (Bambusa textilis 'mutabilis'): 

A stunning upright bamboo with a spectacular blueish white appearance, quite a rare bamboo. 

The name ‘emerald’ is fitting for its light-yellow elongated culms, slim green leaves and graceful foliage. 

Bambusa textilis ‘Kanapaha’: 

Commonly called Wang Chuk meaning Royal Bamboo. This Timber Bamboo is a giant of the Bambusa textilis group. 

It can reach a height of 15 – 20 metres at maturity. 

Bambusa textilis ‘RG Dwarf’ (Weaver's Bamboo Dwarf): 

Do not be fooled by the name, Weaver's Bamboo Dwarf can grow to 5 metres in height. 

Compared to the other Dwarf Bamboos the Weaver's Bamboo is tall. 

The Weaver's Bamboo Dwarf is a Tropical bamboo variety that requires high humidity, fertile soil, and high moisture and grows well in confined spaces – an ideal indoor dwarf bamboo plant. 

Bambusa textilis 'Maculata': 

Slender and erect bamboo, very similar to Gracilis. It is an excellent bamboo for small yards and tight spaces. 

The culms are slightly further apart at the base, unlike the Slender Weaver’s Bamboo.

How to grow slender Weaver’s bamboo textilis

There are several ways to grow bamboo, it depends on how much time you have and what propagation method suit you. 

Here are the three reliable (and quick) ways to grow large clumping bamboos are:
  1. Clump separation or division;
  2. Culm cuttings; or
  3. Nursery bamboo textilis plants.

Firstly, growing the slender Weaver’s Bamboo from clump separation is probably the quickest way to propagate bamboo. 

If you have an old bamboo grove, you can take the divisions and plant them straight into the ground. 

Secondly, propagation by stem cuttings is another effective way to grow large bamboo such as the Bambusa textiles and Bambusa tuloides varieties. 

But, you have to propagate the cuttings in the propagating medium before transplanting them into large pots or into the ground. 

And thirdly, buying the Slender Weaver’s bamboo from nursery and growing it is probably the quickest get a new plant. 

You do not have to worry about the propagation period. 
Here are some UK home and garden retailers where you can get your bamboo plants, supplies and accessories from.

Qualities and features of slender Weaver’s bamboo plants

The Slender Weaver’s Bamboo, Bambusa textilis, is clump-forming, hardy, evergreen with slender, green to yellow culms and slightly arching stems. 

This bamboo produces many canes that are very closely spaced and have dense foliage. Since the slender Weaver’s Bamboo grows tall, it does not prefer sites where there are strong winds. 

Plant it in protected sites or away from the wind. 

For example, it will grow very tall if it grows under tall pines or other deciduous trees. 
In an ideal case, grow the slender Weaver’s bamboo to block any tall unsightly features next door.

Uses of slender Weaver’s bamboo

This clump-forming non-invasive bamboo is the best choice for tall and thick garden hedges and privacy screens

In fact, the thick green leaves, arching evergreen foliage and tall (upright dense) culms make this bamboo the best choice for tall covers. 

It is also an ideal bamboo for large pots and containers. One reason why it makes a good container plant is its compact (clumping) nature. It adapts well to confined spaces. 
Another reason this bamboo is ideal for pots and containers is that it will *not* grow to its full height when planted in pots, however, it will still give admirable stem colourations, slender culms and evergreen foliage. 
Also, if you want to grow a Bambusa textilis in pots and containers, the best option is Bambusa textilis ‘RG Dwarf’ (the Weaver's Bamboo Dwarf) or Buddah's Belly Bamboo (Bambusa tuldoides Ventricosa).

How to care for your slender Weaver’s bamboo?

Although the slender Weaver’s bamboo plants are tolerant to pests and variable soil conditions, there is a number of natural threats growers should be mindful of, such as slugs’ attacks and wind. 

Slugs' attack on bamboo plants is a common occurrence, they adore the new shoots and leaves. 

Protect the new growth, especially in Spring and Summer when the new growths are prominent, by applying Slug and Snail Killer. 

Ominously, the Weaver’s Bamboo is tall. Its new culms will have several internodes before putting out branches and leaves, therefore, the culms are susceptible to wind. 

Stake the new culms to protect them from swaying and breaking.

General care for bamboo plants

Generally, the running- and clump-forming bamboos love moist soil but do not like too much water. 

The newly planted bamboo plants will thrive in well-aerated loam, or sand and loose clay soil. So, make sure that the soil remains well-drained and aerated. 

In addition, the older plants will require fertiliser and mulch, at least, once in Spring. Check to see if they are putting out new shoots, or whether the leaves and soil are in good condition. 

For healthy bamboo plants, do these:
  • Apply Slug and Snail Killer around your new bamboo.
  • Add organic mulch.
  • Tie the culms to bamboo sticks/stakes.
  • Add NPK fertilizers.
  • Trim old culms to promote new growths.
The Slender Weaver’s Bamboo textilis is a formidable plant for garden hedging and privacy screens. 

Differences between Bambusa textile ‘Gracilis’ and Bambusa tuldoides

Many bamboo enthusiasts, growers and homeowners, especially in the US, UK and Australia, have difficulty identifying the two bamboo plants.

However, there are reliable differences that you can use to identify the Slender Weaver’s Bamboo textilis from the more obvious Bambusa tuloides.

You do not have to wait until the bamboo are fully grown to tell them apart.

You can get more details about these two bamboo plants here.

Reliable differences between Bambusa textile ‘Gracilis’ and Bambusa tuldoides

Culm length Bamboo: 

Gracilis had elongated slender culms, whereas Bambusa Tuloides culms are relatively short and rounded around the nodes. One of the common Bambusa Tuloides bamboo plants is the Buddah's Belly Bamboo (Bambusa tuldoides Ventricosa)

Culm thickness: 

This is probably the most reliable difference, one is thinned-walled and the other is thick-walled. 

If you cut the culms, you’ll see that the cross-section of Bambusa textilis is thin whereas Bambusa tuloides are thick.

Bud & Branch

Bambusa textilis tends to have buds and branches high up the culms whereas Bambusa Tuloides will often have branches at the first node off the ground.

Culm sheath/auricle: 

Auricle (the point where a leaf meets the sheath) is a good part of the bamboo plant to identify the young Bambusa textilis from Bambusa tuloides

Though this is quite technical, it can be helpful. 

The auricle of the Bambusa textilis is asymmetric which simply means that the cross-sections are NOT identical. 

Whereas the cross-sections of the auricle of a Bambusa textilis are prominently symmetrical.

What's more, if you've inherited Bambusa textile ‘Gracilis’ or Bambusa tuldoides, you can use the differences to identify these two Bambusa plants.

Japanese Bamboo Garden in United Kingdom, Kew, London

Bamboos are stunning garden plants, their gentle movements, rustling sounds of the leaves, evergreen foliage and colourful stems are some reasons they are popular. 

One place to see the bamboo in all its beauty is the Japanese Bamboo Garden at Kew Royal Botanic Gardens in London. 

The Bamboo Garden has an amazing collection of Chinese and Japanese bamboo. The garden holds over 130 different types of bamboo plants. In addition, the Tropical Glass House has three tropical giants.
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Chinese and Japanese bamboo gardens

Check out the images and videos of the 13 amazing bamboo plants we’ve recorded over the years. 

Let’s begin with the three giant timber bamboos that are currently growing in Kew Tropical Glass House.

Giant Timber Bamboo (Gigantochloa verticillate)

The giant bamboo is one of the largest bamboo plants you can find in the UK. 

It grows 25-30 metres in the wild, as tall as a tree. 

This bamboo is native to Southeast Asia and New Guinea. 

In the UK, this bamboo reaches over 20 metres.
Gigantochloa verticillate Giant Bamboo Gigantochloa verticillate Giant Bamboo - Kew Royal Botanic Garden (Photo: GBP - Inside Glass House)

Buddha's Belly Bamboo (Bambusa ventricosa)

Buddha belly bamboo, also known as Bambusa ventricosa, is a type of bamboo species that is known for its distinctive swollen stem, which gives it its name. Here are some reasons why:

  • Water Conservation: Buddha belly bamboo is an excellent plant for water conservation because it has a high water-holding capacity. Its swollen stem allows it to store water for long periods, which helps the plant survive during periods of drought. This makes it an ideal plant for areas that receive low rainfall or have limited water resources.

  • Nutrient Conservation: The swollen stem of Buddha belly bamboo also plays an important role in nutrient conservation. The stem stores nutrients, which are used by the plant when it needs them. This helps the plant to survive in nutrient-poor soils and reduces the need for fertilizer applications.

  • Soil Conservation: The extensive root system of Buddha's belly bamboo helps to stabilize the soil and prevent erosion. The plant's roots can reach up to several meters deep, which helps to anchor the soil and prevent it from washing away during heavy rainfall or flooding.

The culms are deep dark green smooth and glossy with multiple branches growing at each node.
buddha belly bamboo

Buddha's Belly Bamboo (Bambusa ventricosa)

Bambusa vulgaris

The giant tropical bamboo, Bambusa vulgaris or Common Bamboo, grows in Kew Tropical Glass House. 

It’s an amazing bamboo with glossy green culms, large brown sheaths and hairy rims around the nodes. 

This giant timber bamboo is predominantly used in building and construction or as stakes for large garden plants in rural China.
Bambusa vulgaris

Bambusa vulgaris

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Henonis’ Black bamboo

This is a tall running bamboo with bright green stems that turn olive green. 

It is one of the Black Bamboo cultivars. 

Be careful not to confuse them with Phyllostachys bissettii. 

They both have glossy green leaves, bright green stems and evergreen arching foliage. 

However, looking closely at the matured stems, the Phyllostachys nigra f. henonis will show signs of olive-yellow canes whereas the Green Bamboo Phyllostachys bissettii canes are obviously dark green, with yellow indentations or stripes.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Henonis’ Black bamboo

Phyllostachys bambusoides var. subvariegata

Phyllostachys bambusoides has several cultivars. 

The var. subvariegata cultivar, as seen in this image, has upright and dark glossy green culms and zigzagged internodes at the base. 

Phyllostachys bambusoides are commonly called the Japanese Timber Bamboo.

Phyllostachys bambusoides var. subvariegata Phyllostachys bambusoides has several cultivars. The var. subvariegata cultiva

Phyllostachys bambusoides var. subvariegata

Phyllostachys nidularia

Phyllostachys nidularia or Broom Bamboo is a stunning bamboo with erect canes. 

It is known as Broom Bamboo because branches and culms are great bamboo brooms. This running bamboo can grow to 4 metres. 

As a precaution, use the root barrier when growing this bamboo, it is one of the invasive species.

Phyllostachys nidularia or Broom Bamboo

Phyllostachys nidularia

Phyllostachys sulphuria var. viridis

Bamboo Phyllostachys sulphurea viridis is a running bamboo also known as the Ougon-kou Chiku or Kou-Chiku bamboo. 

It’s a stunning ornamental plant due to its appearance. 

At 4m average height, this bamboo is a great addition to woodland forests, large gardens and dense garden hedges. It is edible bamboo.
Bamboo Phyllostachys sulphurea viridis

Phyllostachys sulphuria var. viridis

Phyllostachys vivax aureosulcata

Golden Yellow Chinese Timber Bamboo Vivax Golden or Golden Yellow Cane Bamboo is a Tall and thick running bamboo, best for tall hedges and screens. 

The golden stems have spectacular bright green stripes running vertically along the internode. 

Bamboo vivax is an RHS Merit Award-winning bamboo, that grows well in a mild temperate climate.
Golden Chinese Timber Bamboo vivax phyllostachys vivax

Phyllostachys vivax aureosulcata Golden Yellow Chinese Timber Bamboo

Kew's Japanese Bamboo Garden London

Kew’s Bamboo Garden is the best place to see magnificent bamboo plants. 

As mentioned, there are over 130 running and clumping bamboo plants. The giant timber bamboo is about 20 metres tall, reaching the top ceiling of the glasshouse. 

When you’re in Kew Gardens, this is definitely a must-see. These 13 bamboos are our top picks. We hope you like the images and videos. 

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