Showing posts with label Grow Bamboo in Pots. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Grow Bamboo in Pots. Show all posts

10 Awsome Facts About Garden Bamboo Plants

Bamboos have features, structures and properties that are interesting to know, especially if you are a keen gardener. 

Some bamboo can grow to more than 10 metres high in the wild. There are over 10,000 known varieties of bamboo plants in the tropical jungles in Asia and the Pacific. 

The tropical bamboo plants can be found at Kew Garden Palm House in London.

facts about bamboo

Facts About Garden Bamboo Plants

Bamboos are winter-hardy and evergreen all year round. They are great screening plants and many of them thrive in the UK, either as clump-forming (Fargesias) or running (Phyllostachys).

Here are 10 interesting facts about garden bamboo plants for a bamboo grower in the UK. 

  1. Evergreen all year round.
  2. Roots are difficult to remove.
  3. Grow well in pots and containers.
  4. Can withstand cold British winter.
  5. Splinters are sharp. Cuts can be nasty.
  6. Are invasive and need care and attention.
  7. Costs depend on the size and height and cost.
  8. Great sticks for staking plants in the garden or fencing.
  9. Are either running or clump-forming bamboo varieties.
  10. Suitable for garden d├ęcor and centrepiece, borders, fences and privacy screens.

If you want to find out how fast bamboos grow, here is an article that gives Answers to 10 Common Questions about Bamboo.

GIANT TIMBER BAMBOO [Kew Garden Palm House in London]

Bamboo Plants UK - running vs. clump-forming

Running bamboo 

The Phyllostachys bamboo plants have horizontal underground stems called rhizomes. 

These running bamboo plants are great for tall borders and screens and are becoming popular in recent years because of the spectacular colours of the stems.

This variety is invasive and needs close attention to stop it from spreading.

Clump-forming bamboo 

Fagesias are fantastic garden and pot plants. They are non-invasive plants compared to their cousins, the Running bamboo plants. The running bamboo plants have great stem colourations, whereas the clump-forming have dense foliage.

Fargesia robusta and Fargesia nitida are among the best umbrella bamboo for screening because they have dense foliage from top to bottom. 

Awesome Garden Bamboo Plants

The evergreen foliage of the garden bamboo plants is adorable all season. 

Its strong and hardy stems make for a strong fence. The sticks are fantastic for staking beans and sweet peas.

The bamboo plants, whether grown as privacy screens, hedges or used as staking sticks, are growing in popularity among gardeners and homeowners in the UK.

Check out GBP Blog's archive and YouTube Videos for tips and tricks to Grow Bamboo Plants in the UK.  It has an updated collection of articles on ALL-YOU-NEED-TO-GROW-BAMBOO plants.

How to Grow Bamboo from Cuttings [12 MONTHS 6 VIDEO UPDATES]

I grow the Golden Chinese Timber Bamboo, Phyllostachys vivax f. areosulcata from Rhizome cuttings in August last year.  The bamboo plants are a year old and are looking great.
It has been a year of learning to grow bamboo from cuttings. It requires care for the delicate new shoots where I kept the snails away, staked the new bamboo shoots and watered them during the warm summer months.

how to propagate bamboo UK
 

Height of the bamboo plants - measured

I measure the height of the bamboo plants at 2 weeks (August), 4 & 6 weeks (September) and 8 weeks (October). The growth pattern I observed was interesting

The fast-growing bamboo shoots reached over 60cm in 8 weeks (2 months).

By the end of the 12th month, the height of the longest bamboo was 106cm which means that the bamboo shoot grew only 40cm in 10 months.
But, something interesting happened during that time. [Watch the 1 Year Video Update to find out what happened]

VIDEOS UPDATES: How to Grow Bamboo from Rhizome Cuttings

This raw video list shows the work that I did over the period of 12 months, from the summer of 2021 to 2022.

Video 1: Grow Bamboo in the Propagating medium (2 weeks growth)

I used a bucket as a bamboo propagator. Planted the rhizomes in the bucket for 2 weeks until the roots and shoots germinated before transplanting them into Holding Pots.


Video 2: Bamboo Growing in the Propagating medium (4 weeks growth) New Growth Eaten by Slugs

I had to stop the slugs from eating the new shoots by applying slug & snail pellets.  It worked.


Video 3: Transplanting new bamboo from Propagator to Holding Pot (4 weeks growth)


Video 4: Calculating the Growth Rate of Bamboo in the Pots (8 weeks growth) - how fast does bamboo grow in a day?


In this video, I measured the height of the new bamboo shoots for 8 weeks and found the growth rate of this bamboo.

Video 5: How tall a bamboo grows in one year


From my observations, a new shoot will grow super fast in the first two months.

Then, put out branches and leaves and establish the rooting underground.

The first shoot can reach a metre to two metres, eventually doubling the height as it grows.

Video 6: What happens as a new bamboo plant grows? [Expected Height by Year]



Like most plants, a newly planted bamboo will not reach its full height in the first year.

Each year the bamboo will grow taller, in some cases twice as tall as the previous plant.

It will reach its matured height in 4-5 years and last for as long as 20-30 years.

Notably, a bamboo grove can last even longer due to the bamboo plant's re-generative growth behaviour, unlike the trees.

Important note about bamboo propagation

Different bamboo plants have different growth rates and patterns, features, soil, light & shade preferences.

Also, the propagation technique (seedlings, rhizome cutting, stem cuttings, etc) used will affect the growth of new bamboo plants. 

In this particular work, I am propagating the Golden Chinese Timber Bamboo, Phyllostachys vivax f. areosulcata from Rhizome cuttings.

Use it as an informational guide to growing the tall Phyllostachys from the rhizome cuttings. 

Is it legal to grow bamboo plants in the UK?

The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 lists nearly 40 non-native invasive plants. They must not be planted in gardens or caused to grow in the wild.

Other laws briefly stated in this post cover tall hedges and property damages.

Laws about growing bamboo UK

Tall hedges

The Anti-social Behaviour Act, 2003, covers tall hedges but it does not cover garden plant invasion. 

Property damages

The Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act, 2014 enables local authorities and police to issue community protection notices where plants cause damage to neighbours’ gardens and properties. 

The protection notice can be issued when it is shown beyond doubt that the individual in question has persistently acted in a way that has a detrimental effect on the quality of life of those around them.

Is bamboo legal to grow in the UK?

Currently, no specific legislation covers the sale and planting of bamboo plants in the UK.

The UK Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (Updated 11 December 2014, now the Guidance to Invasive Non-native Plants) does not classify bamboo plants as an invasive species.

Not all bamboo plants are invasive

Of the two varieties, the clumping bamboo plants are non-invasive whereas some running bamboo plants are invasive. 

Black Bamboo, Scottish Bamboo and Phyllostachys aurea are running bamboo plants, but behave like clumping bamboo in cooler climates. 

Running bamboo options

Choose the clump-forming bambooBlack Bamboo, Scottish Bamboo or Phyllostachys aurea.

These bamboo plants have attractive stems and evergreen foliage.

 They are good for privacy screening.

Use root barriers to grow running bamboo

Running bamboo rhizomes have the potential to damage built-up areas and cross garden boundaries.

Grow bamboo plants in barriers. This is the best way to grow bamboo screens and hedges

Here are some ideas for bamboo root/rhizome barriers when growing running bamboo.

Black Bamboo Plants for Sale UK

Black Bamboo nigra is an award-winning bamboo for its unique features. 

The RHS described it as ‘one of the most elegant bamboos, with polished, damson-black mature canes and dark green leaves.’

Black Bamboo is a standout. It does behave like clump-forming bamboo in parts of the UK where it's cooler.

Black Bamboo Plants for Sale UK

Here is where to buy clumping bamboo plantsWe listed some top UK Home and Garden retailers like Crocus and YouGarden.

Features of Black Bamboo Plants

  • Identification: Phyllostachys nigra, Black Bamboo nigra, running bamboo (behaves like clumping bamboo in cooler climate)
  • Site: Grow in full sun to partial shade.
  • Soil: Prefers moist but well-draining loamy soil.
  • Uses: Windbreak, pots and containers or individual plants.
  • Winter hardiness: -15 to - 20 degrees Celsius.
  • Height: Fast-growing plant, 4 – 6m.
  • Spread: Invasive bamboo
  • Foliage colour: Evergreen dark foliage all year round.
  • Culm colour: Ebony expresso black

Black Bamboo Stems

Black Bamboo nigra is a fast-growing bamboo, known to be an invasive variety of running bamboo. It is a spectacular bamboo with ebony dark black to matured expresso black stems.

At an average height of 4 – 5m at maturity, the black bamboo (Phyllostachys nigra) is a tall and slender arching bamboo variety, fully hardy to -20 degrees Celsius.

Bamboo Nigra is known as one of the most distinctive bamboos of the Phyllostachys group. There are different cultivars of black bamboo nigra. Check out the full collection on GBP Blog.

How to Propagate Black Bamboo Nigra

The three ways to propagate Black Bamboo are

  • seed propagation,
  • separation of the clump-base and
  • culm (stem) or rhizome (root) cuttings.

Bamboo seeds are often hard to buy near you because they do not flower regularly. The best way to propagate the black bamboo is by base separation or roots and culms cuttings.

Experiences of Propagating Bamboos

We tried the different ways of propagating bamboo and know that it requires a lot of prep and effort to get the bamboo growing. 

Yet, watching the germinating bamboo is often rewarding.

Black Bamboo Care

Although black bamboo is a low-maintenance plant, the new growths will require care and attention.

Beware that the slugs adore the tender new growths, they can widen them if left unprotected.

If you are propagating bamboo plants from rhizomes or culms cuttings or planting a recent purchase, protect the new growths by adding the slug killers.

Here is my YouTube video showing a 4-week-old bamboo attacked by slugs.

Grow Black Bamboo Plants UK

When growing the Black Bamboo Nigra, perhaps an important factor to consider is the invasiveness despite showing some common features of the clump-forming bamboo.

If you are growing bamboo in the garden, put it in an area where there is room to spread.

The old black bamboos will thrive in well-drained soil with high moisture and nutrients, but like most bamboos, they do not like compacted dry soils.

It will require re-potting when it outgrows the pot so if you want to keep it longer, use a large pot or container. As a rule of thumb, the size of the pot should be twice the size of the base clump.

If you see browning in the culms or the bamboo leaves turning yellow, check the soil. Here is an article on how to revive your bamboo plants in a case where there is a sign of distress.

Black Bamboo preferred sites

Although the Black Bamboo Nigra is an elegant variety, it is an invasive bamboo. As mentioned earlier, it requires a lot of space to grow.

The arching culms and evergreen dark leaves can spread 4 – 6m on average. It is important to take this into consideration when choosing a site to plant to grow the black bamboo nigra.

As a pointer, this peculiar bamboo is ideal as an individual plant in the garden or contained in large pots and containers for balconies and terraces.

How fast does bamboo shoots grow in a day in the UK? [VIDEOS]

Over the last 8 weeks, we attempted to answer the question 'How fast does bamboo grow in a day?' We identified the growth rate of the running bamboo that we propagated from the rhizome cuttings. 

Though this work is ongoing, we are excited to reveal the rate at which the bamboo is growing.

Bamboo Phyllostachys aureosulcata spectabilis grow at a rate of 1.43cm per day.

Find out about our latest work on bamboo plants

 

Growing and Caring for Bamboo Plants

We are monitoring the growth rate of the bamboo Phyllostachys vivax aureacaulis and Phyllostachys aureosulcata spectabilis to show how fast bamboo grows in the UK.

These two running bamboo plants are common and we hope that their growths will give some answers to the question.

See the GBP video on our YouTube channel, Amazing Bamboo Plants, here. This video is the 4th of a series about Growing and Caring for Bamboo Plants.

Propagate bamboo rhizome cuttings

We propagated the rhizome cuttings from a recent pruning, see the work we wrote about earlier. We also noted that there are several factors that can affect the growth rate. 

The obvious factors are the changes in seasons. We propagated the bamboo at the end of Summer. The Autumn to Winter conditions can affect the rate of growth.

Slug eating the leaves of the bamboo is another factor that we mitigated successfully by applying Slug and Snail Killer around the new bamboo. 

In our experience, slugs disturbed the bamboo shoots and leaves from growing. As we added the protection, the bamboo shoots and leaves we left undisturbed.

How to propagate rhizome cutting in two steps

We propagated the bamboos in a 'growing medium' (a bucket with nutrient-rich soil) for 4 weeks, then transplanted the rhizomes cuttings into 'holding pots'. 

A two steps propagating technique that gives the cutting a 100 percent chance of growing.

The result, as indicated in the 4th video, was astounding!

How to calculate the growth of bamboo shoots in a day

We calculated how fast bamboo grows in a day by taking the measurements at two weeks intervals. Then, we divided the length by the number of days it took for the new plant to grow.

Bamboo growth rate = length/number of days

The measurements from the 4th and 8th weeks indicated that the new bamboo shoot grows at a rate of 1.43 cm per day.

As mentioned earlier, we propagated the bamboo in two steps, from the 'growing medium' to the 'holding pot'. So, we used the measurements from the 'holding pots' to minimise the margin of error.

If you do not have bamboo plants and want to buy potted bamboo plants, check out the UK retailers here.

Find out how fast bamboo shoot grows in a day

Follow GBP's YouTube channel as we track the progress of the Phyllostachys aureosulcata vivax and other bamboo plants we grow.

So far, we have 4 videos, each showing the different stages of propagating bamboo from rhizome cuttings.

  1. Propagating medium (Video 1 shows 2 weeks growth)
  2. Propagating medium (Video 2 shows 4 weeks of growth) New Growth Eaten by Slugs
  3. Transplanting from Propagating medium to Holding Pot (Video 3 shows 4 weeks growth)
  4. Calculating the Growth Rate (Video 4 shows 8 weeks of growth) - how fast does bamboo grow in a day

From our experience, we can confirm that bamboos are, indeed, fast-growing plants.

How does a bamboo plant grow? [VIDEO]

This is an important question because after growing a bamboo plant, you’d be anticipating that lush evergreen screen. Right?

The video info gives clarity on how a bamboo plant grows from year to year. If you want to know how fast bamboo grows, check out this article.

But, bamboo plants like other plants will take time to grow to reach full height and maturity. This video shows first-year growth. 

Under the right conditions, bamboo plants will provide that beautiful greenery within 3 years. The first growth will continue to mature for up to 5 years and, interestingly, remain evergreen for up to 20 years.

The new shoots will be taller than the previous growth until the bamboo grove reaches its maximum height. 

Thereafter, the bamboo grove will remain evergreen for as long as it can.

As the bamboo matures, you will need to prune the old bamboo culms and rhizomes to promote new growth. Or transplant the ones that outgrow the pots. 

Here are some guides to bamboo Care and Maintenance Tools that you will find useful if you have older bamboo plants in your garden.

Watch videos and subscribe to our YouTube channel.

 

Related articles on Evergreen Outdoor Privacy Screen

Readers' note: This article is so long that we split it into several parts. Here are the related parts that you may also like to read:

Things You Must Do When Growing Bamboo in Pots

Bamboo plants in pot and container planters are great for instant privacy screens. Besides, you do not have to worry about the bamboos’ invasiveness because the planters are barriers. 

They also provide the benefit of moving them around to optimise on space available, perfect for small and narrow spaces.

Bamboo plants come in different sizes and shapes. The options are endless. Some tall and slender bamboo varieties are perfect for privacy screening the porches, patios, decks and balconies.


Check out best ways to grow healthy bamboo in pots, or see our sales page where you can find the renowned UK Home & Garden retailers for bamboo plants and supplies.

Ensuring healthy bamboo plants

There are more benefits to using the plants. However, growing bamboo in pot and container planters requires extra care and attention, unlike the garden hedging bamboo screens.

In this article, you will find out about how to:

  • choose the best bamboo for small outdoor spaces,
  • select the best planters to grow bamboo and
  • provide long-term care for the bamboo plants.

How to select the best pots and containers?

There are a lot of recommendations for larger and bigger bamboo planters, but these are not often the best recommendations for narrow outdoor areas like the deck, patio, balcony or porch. 

Unless, of course, use a bigger planter if the outdoor area has enough space for a bigger plant.

When choosing a pot or container for growing bamboo, size, weight and stability matter!

That begs the question what is the best pot or container for planting bamboo plants?

The three-pointers will help you to identify the bamboo planter that suits you.

  • A strong and durable frost resistant pot or container planter will act as a root barrier and protect the plant against the cold. Avoid the thin plastic pots because they do not stand a chance against the bamboo rhizomes and clumps in compacted space.
  • Avoid growing bamboo in containers that have small openings and heavy tops. If you use these planters, it will be hard to remove the bamboo plants for repotting, or the tall plants will topple to the ground.
  • Choose a container or pot that is stable, well insulated and has holes underneath. Here are options for stable square and rectangular pots and container planters and boxes that you should consider when growing bamboo for an apartment balcony, home or office.

Space matters when growing bamboo plants

Perhaps the important point to consider when selecting a pot or container for growing bamboo is the space available on your porch, patio, deck or balcony. Most of these spaces are usually narrow.

Ideally, the narrow rectangular heavy-duty containers are best for this kind of space. For the corners, you may want to choose a heavy-duty square container planter.

Some DIY wooden and metal containers are great for other plants, but not ideal for bamboo plants. 

Furthermore, the metals pots do not have good insulations as they either absorb or lose heat pretty quickly in Summer and Winter, respectively.

If you still wish to use DIY wooden containers to grow bamboo, the best thing to do is to use the treated timbers that can last longer than 5 years. 

As for the metal containers, ensure that they are well insulated from heat and cold.

Above all, ensure that the pot and container planters for growing bamboo are strong and stable, are well insulated, and have good drainage.

 

Choose large pots or container planters

You can move the bamboo into a larger pot or container planters. It is going to be a tedious operation getting the bamboo out. 

However, if you are using the square and rectangular container box, you’ll find it easier to uproot the plant and repot it while saving the old container box.

In a case where it is difficult to remove the plant from the container planter, you will have to decide whether to keep the plant or keep the planter box. That means that you will have to destroy one and save the other.

The best time for repotting a bamboo plant into the container planters is early Spring when the new growths are prominent. 

Avoid environmental stress in confined areas

Like other potted plants, bamboos in pots require attention if they were to thrive in the confined space. 

One of the main reasons why bamboo leaves turn yellow (more info here) is the lack of moisture and nutrient in the soil. 

Undoubtedly, bamboo in pots and container boxes will grow well where there is good moisture and nutrient in the soil.

Many pot and container planter boxes have a hollow bottom where the water drains out pretty quickly. 

Bamboo plants tend to lose more water through transpiration through the thin and slender leaves compared to other thick leaves plants.

Poor drainage and a high rate of transpiration are often the main reasons why the soil in pot planters becomes devoid of nutrients and moisture. This is the main cause of the yellowing of bamboo leaves and browning culms.

How to improve soil condition in pots?

There are two things you can do to improve the soil moisture and soil nutrients in pot and container planters.

Firstly, fill the base of the pot and container planters with pebbles, gravel or a porous pot filler to stop it from losing water. 

Do not block the hole at the bottom of the planters completely because the bamboo plants dislike waterlogged containers.

In addition, leave a spacing of about 10cm to 15 cm at the top of the pot and container planters after you’ve planted the bamboo. This space is very important for mulching and fertilising the plants later.

Secondly, use nutrient-rich loam soil and or potting compost when potting bamboo plants into containers to give them the best start. 

Here is the right mixture of clay to sand to silt to create an ideal loam for growing bamboo. 

Alternatively, a 50/50 mix potting compost contains the right nutrient and moisture for new bamboo plants to thrive in the pots.

If you need more information on how to grow bamboo, check out the Instructional Guides from YouGarden.

How to stop tall bamboo in pots from falling down?

Ominously, the tall bamboo plants will sway in the wind and topple to the ground if the pots are unstable. When this happens, you are likely to have a damaged plant, or pot, or both.

To avoid bamboo in pots falling to the ground, choose a pot or container planter with good stability.

A regular occurrence is when the tall bamboo culms lean out of the bamboo cluster or grove. In this case, use the garden ropes to tie them back. 

best pot and container planters for growing bamboo in the UK

Protect potted bamboo roots and rhizomes from cold and frost

The bamboos in pots and container planters require insulation in Winter when the temperature falls to negative values.

Although the bamboo plants are tough and hardy, the roots and rhizomes are above ground level and are directly exposed to the weather, unlike the plants on the ground. 

The bamboo plants in the planter pots are prone to frost, frozen soil and, even, the Winter’s chill.

The best way to protect the bamboo in the planters is to add mulch and cover the base of the pots with an insulating blanket, bubble wrap or special plant insulation fleece.

Do these when bamboo in pot and container planters grow big

The running and clumping bamboo plants will reach full growth in the pots and containers within 2 – 5 years. That is the period when the plants are at their peak. 

They’ll display evergreen foliage, shiny culms and beautiful leaves – an ideal time to enjoy the beauty of your bamboo plants.

The plants will thrive for more than 5 to 10 years in large pot planters under the right conditions and care mentioned in this article. 

To continue to enjoy them, there are a couple of things you can do to keep the plants in the pot longer.

How to maintain bamboo plants in pots and containers?

Bamboo plants are relatively hardy bamboo and can withstand air temperatures as low as – 20 degrees Celsius in normal growing conditions. 

However, bamboo plants in pots and containers without the right insulations will struggle to survive at such very low temperatures.

So the first thing to do before planting them is to insulate the containers by using styrofoam which is light and great for extra insulation. 

In addition, the new bamboo plants are prone to slugs damage. Add Slugs and Snail Killer to protect new shoots and rhizome tips.

Here are some general protection measures to apply when planting bamboo in pot and container planters;

  • Apply Slug and Snail Killer around your new bamboo.
  • Add organic mulch.
  • Tie the long culms to bamboo sticks or poles.
  • Add insulation inside the pot and containers.
  • Cover the pots and containers with additional insulation fleece or blanket when the temperature drops to negative degrees Celsius.

‘Thinning’ bamboo in pot and container planters

Remove the old unhealthy culms (canes) to give the new shoots a chance to reach full height. In fact, the new shoots will be stronger and taller than previous bamboos, so encourage new growth if you want taller and healthier plants.

After 5 – 10 years, you will have to carry out ‘thinning’. Remove the older bamboo culms and rhizomes from the pots and containers, and separate the culms into segments for repotting. This activity is best done in Spring.

At this juncture, we provided insight into how to select and grow the perfect bamboo plants in pots for the small outdoor space at home, the office or the rental place. 

If you are undecided, do not worry. Check out the Award Winning bamboo plants.

We hope this article helps you. Let us know what you think in the comment below.

Benefits and limitations of growing bamboo plants in pots

Growing bamboo in pots is the best way to stop them from spreading. It makes it easier to move them around and can be used as screens indoors and outdoors. 

Despite the benefits, there are also limitations to growing bamboo in pots.

benefits of growing bamboo in pots

Check out best ways to grow healthy bamboo in potsor see our sales page where you can find the renowned UK Home & Garden retailers for bamboo plants and supplies.

Benefits of growing bamboo in pot planter boxes

There are two groups of bamboo plants to grow in pot and container planters - the running bamboo and the clumping bamboo. 

The former has horizontal stems called ‘rhizomes’ that can grow up to a metre away from the parent plant in just one growing season

The latter forms a tight base around the parent bamboo, forming dense clusters of canes (culms) and tend to expand in time.

Growing bamboo in pots and containers is an effective way to stop the invasion and or expansion of the running and clumping bamboo plants. 

They provide a  formidable barrier, restricting the rhizomes from spreading.

Limitations of growing bamboo in pot and container planter boxes

Most bamboo plants are tolerant of pests and diseases and thrive in variable outdoor conditions. 

This group of plants are, in fact, tough and hardy but are limited to the size and conditions present in the pot and container planters where they are growing.

Here are likely limitations for growing bamboo plants in pots, containers and planters.

  • Bamboo plants will succumb to environmental stress in containers.
  • Tall bamboo in pots will sway and fall in breezy conditions.
  • Bamboo roots and rhizomes are exposed to cold and heat above the ground.
  • Running and clumping bamboo will outgrow the planters in 2 – 5 years.
  • The plants will not grow to the maximum height and will not attain the maximum spread.

To grow bamboo in pot and container planters, you should create (and maintain) the best possible conditions for the plants in the confined space. 

We produce this article to help our visitors who are growing bamboo plants in pots and planter boxes.

 

Move heavy bamboo pots and containers

The pots contain soil and water. They are practically immovable. 

You can move the smaller bamboo pots by using old cardboard boxes to slide them across the floor.

 If you need help moving the heavier bamboo pot and container boxes, the Hand Truck will make the heavy work easier.

With some help, you can arrange (and rearrange) the bamboo pots and container boxes neatly to suit your design and liking. 

In some cases, you may have to move the bamboo in pots to a site where there is enough sun. The bamboo varieties prefer sun to shade or part shade. By doing this, you can get the best out of your plant.

In other cases, your bamboo may not grow well in the planters. These bamboo plants will need to be removed. 

In fact, growing bamboo in pot and container planters is a great way to provide privacy screening for a small space, home, office or rented place.

Best way to grow bamboo plants

 Bamboo plants are great shade plants. They are also undemanding, shade and drought tolerant. Some varieties are invasive whereas the others are non-invasive. 

The best way to grow bamboo plants is in pots and containers.

best way to grow bamboo plants

Grow healthy bamboo plants in pots?

The new bamboo in pot and container planters will need the right amount of water and attention in Spring as the roots start to develop.

Pay extra attention when planting the bamboo cuttings in late Spring or early Summer as they will need water every other day to support the new growths.

Mulching is highly recommended at this stage too, as it will help to retain moisture in the soil or in the pots and containers.

For the older bamboo plants, you will have to add NPK fertilisers, fresh organic mulch and water to keep them happy.

The best way to check for moisture in the soil is to dig out a layer of soil to a depth of 5cm. It is an effective way to inspect the soil for moisture content. 

The soil in the pots and containers should be nice and moist, not too dry or too wet.

If it gets too cold in Winter, move the plant into a sheltered area like the garage, patio or veranda to keep them warm and safe from the chill and wind. 

Add more mulch or grass cutting to provide the added layer and heat.

Check out best ways to grow healthy bamboo in potsor see our sales page where you can find the renowned UK Home & Garden retailers for bamboo plants and supplies.

Bamboo plants in pots, undemanding

Growing bamboo in pot and container planter boxes for privacy screening might seem like hard work, but frankly, it's not. 

These stunning plants, like other privacy and hedging plants, will need just the right attention to thrive in contained spaces.

The bamboo plants require watering, feeding and mulching. They’ll also demand separation and repotting. 

Generally, bamboo plants will thrive in container planters for 5 – 10 years. All the while, producing the evergreen foliage and providing natural privacy screens.

The benefits of growing bamboo in planters outweigh the cons. In fact, it is less demanding compared to growing bamboo plants for hedging in the garden

Bamboo growers do not have to worry about the plant invading the neighbour’s side or creeping into the garden. 

Effectively, the running and spreading habits are confined within the growing container.

The best way to grow bamboo is in pots and containers as they act as root barriers and stop rhizomes from spreading.

What Bamboo Plants Can You Grow In Pots for Outdoors and Indoors?

The common running and clumping bamboo plants in the UK will grow well in large planters. Many bamboo cultivators of both bamboo kinds are notable for their tolerance to small spaces.

In fact, bamboo plants are low demanding, hardy and drought resistant.

They are great plants to grow in pots, containers and plants indoors and outdoors. 

Check out best ways to grow healthy bamboo in potsor see our sales page where you can find the renowned UK Home & Garden retailers for bamboo plants and supplies.

What bamboo to grow in pots UK

Many bamboo growers have opted to go for the clumping bamboo. 

But there are also great running bamboo that you can grow as pot plants for privacy screening the balcony, porch, deck or patio.

Notably, the small to medium bamboos are great pot and container plants. 

The small to medium bamboo plants range from a height of 2 metres to 6 metres. 

We have featured the popular bamboo plants in the UK here: Small Bamboo and Medium Bamboo Plants.

How to grow bamboo in pot and container planters?

In the case where you decide to keep the bamboo plants, here is what you can do to repot them into larger pots or additional containers.

  • Separate the plant into even clumps, careful not to destroy the root hairs and or rhizomes.
  • Prune the old culms (canes/stems), leaves, and excess roots.
  • Select a good (open-top & stable) pot or container planter.
  • Lay the base with porous sheets, pebbles or gravel.
  • Fill the pot with a 50/50 potting mixture or loam soil.
  • Put the bamboo into the pot, compact the soil into the pot leaving 10cm to 15cm space at the top.
  • Add mulch,
  • Water generously.

To separate the bamboo, you’ll need the right tools. 

An electrical saw is the best tool to separate the bamboo. However, a hacksaw is an ideal hand tool to use when separating the bamboo for replanting. 

How to propagate clump-forming bamboo [base separation]

Clumping bamboos do not have running rhizomes, instead, the roots are packed around the base forming a clumped base, hence the name clump-forming bamboo. 

When separating the clumps, take care to preserve the parent plant.

Find out how to propagate clump-forming bamboo by base separation. Check out how to propagate running bamboo and lucky bamboo plants.

How to separate clump-forming bamboo from the main plant?

The rhizome clusters can be difficult to separate from the main plant. 

Dig on one side of the bamboo plant to expose the clumped roots.

Then, separate the plants, this is called clump base separation.

  • To uproot the whole plant, dig around the plant, exposing the clump roots.
  • Pull the whole bamboo plant out without destroying the roots.
  • Remove soil clusters around the roots.
  • Use a pair of secateurs to separate the new clump bamboo shoots, and ensure that each cutting has 2 or more culms/stems.
  • Cover the parent plant with soil immediately.
  • Put the new Clump-forming Bamboo cuttings straight into a pot or container.
  • Cover the new plants with nutrient-rich soil and mulch, ready for propagation.
how to propagate bamboo UK

Recommended: The bamboo varieties that grow well in the UK. Find out.

    How to separate clump-forming bamboo from the pot?

    Separating potted bamboo plants is the best way to get lots of plants. Be careful, you can lose the whole plant. Here is how to do it well.
    • Immerse the pot in water for 10 minutes.
    • Put the whole plant gently out of the pot.
    • Use a handsaw (or electric saw) to separate the plant in half.
    • Dip each section back into the water before planting in the garden or in pots.

    5 factors affect the growth of new bamboo plants

    Propagating bamboo plants required care and maintenance. Consider the 5 factors when attempting to propagate new clump-forming bamboo plants.

    1. Where to plant new bamboo plants

    The two bamboo plant varieties in UK gardens are tough plants. They can adapt to the four seasons. 

    Grow new bamboo plants in locations where there is a good amount of sunlight and away from the wind.

    If you are growing bamboo in pots and containers, moved around when they need sunlight and away from hazards.

    2. Choosing a clumping bamboo

    Clump-rooted bamboo plants are suitable for pots and containers. 

    They are shade-loving plants, great for borders, hedges, screens and small gardens, 

    Read about the features and cost of the two bamboo varieties and 13 types of bamboo grown in the UK.

    3. Soil for growing bamboo cuttings

    Bamboos are tough plants. They can endure poor soils, but it is better to grow the new cuttings in nutrient-rich soil topped with mulch. 

    If you’re propagating clumpers in a container, use potting mix or well-sieved soils and fine sand.

    4. Early-stage care for your bamboo cuttings

    The new bamboo cuttings will need the right amount of water and attention in Spring as the roots start to develop and the leaves come out. 

    Pay extra attention when planting the bamboo cuttings in late Spring or early Summer.

    Mulching is highly recommended as it will help to retain water in soil or pots and containers ( where the cuttings are planted).

    5. Monitoring the growth of your bamboo cuttings

    While the bamboo cuttings are growing, you should regularly check them for any signs of wilting, bug infestation, weeds, and lack of sunlight.

    Taking good care of the new bamboo cuttings/plants will give you a 100% success rate.

    Top tips for propagating bamboo cuttings

    Here are the key points for propagating clump-forming bamboo plants.

    • New plants need attention.
    • Water generously to keep the soil moist.
    • Clump-forming Bamboo plants are ideal for indoors and keep them in pots and containers.
    • Propagate cuttings in late summer or early spring.
    • Use nutrient-rich soil and mulch to propagate cuttings.
    • New plants need constant attention. Water generously, keep the soil moist.
    This page contains articles on how to propagate healthy bamboo plants - check out the archive for more info.

    Important checks

    The new cuttings will require care and attention when you see the signs of new leaves. 

    So, check for the following.

    • The soil remains moist, but not waterlogged. (Read about the best soil for propagating bamboo)
    • Check for unusual paleness on the culm and leaves, as any change in colour will reveal the condition of the cuttings.
    • Move the new plants to a safer location IF the temperature drops or rises dramatically.
    • Do not place them under big trees, when placing the cuttings in shades, as the falling branches will ruin your hard work.

    Enjoy the growth and development of your new bamboo plants because they are amazing plants. Incredible!

    Check out this article on Bamboo Plants that Thrive in UK Gardens, it is an insightful take on how to identify and grow new bamboo plants.

    How to Propagate Running Bamboo [Stem and Rhizome Cuttings ]

    The plants are of two different types of bamboo plants,  Running and clump-forming bamboo plants. 

    Not all methods of propagating bamboo are the same, yet one method may suit the running bamboo whereas the other may suit the clump-forming bamboo. 

    The tips below will help you to propagate healthy running bamboo plants. 

    Check out the tips for propagating clump-forming bamboo plants here.

    How to Grow Bamboo Plants UK

    Propagate bamboo from stem and rhizome cuttings

    If you already have matured bamboo plants, then you can use the cutting from the branches, culms (stems) or rhizomes (roots) to propagate a new plant.

    Take care when separating bamboo rhizomes. 

    Use a hacksaw (or a pair of garden loopers) and cut at 45 degrees angle, 5 – 10 cm away from the node.  Avoid splitting them.

    • The best time for propagating new bamboo cuttings is in late summer or early Spring when they reach their full growth and the new shoots are starting to grow, respectively.
    • Take extra care when taking the new cuttings off an old bamboo plant to preserve the parent plant.
    • Treat the new cuttings delicately for them to grow. 

    best soil for growing bamboo in pots and garden

    Read about the bamboo best plants to grow in pots

    Q. When is the best time to propagate new bamboo plants? Late summer is the best time because the cuttings will go to sleep and germinate in spring.

    Bamboo propagation tools and preparation

    The new cuttings will die if you do not put them immediately into water, or plant them in pots and containers.

    It is perhaps important to have the following tools and materials available before taking the bamboo cuttings of bamboo plants.

    Preparation: Tools you need to prepare bamboo cuttings

    • Watering can
    • Spade for shifting the soil.
    • Pickaxe or garden fork for digging the rhizomes.
    • Hacksaw or a pair of secateurs for cutting the culms and rhizomes.

    Planting: Materials you will need to plant bamboo cuttings

    • Soil
    • Bark or organic materials for mulch
    • Pots and containers for planting the bamboo cuttings.
    • Rainwater or tapwater (avoid using chlorinated water)

    Essentials for propagating running bamboo cuttings

    Separate the cuttings from the parent plant early in spring or late in summer. Take the bamboo cuttings from the rhizomes, culms or even the base of the parent plant.

    • Rhizomes cuttings: Cut the rhizomes with 4 - 6 buds long, use a pair of secateurs or garden loopers. The best tip is to look for new shoots at the buds. The shots have a high chance of germinating.
    • Stem cuttings: Cut the culms 5 – 10 cm away from the node. Plant them deep in rich soil, either in a container or directly in the ground.
    • New culms: This is my favourite because they grow every time. Check for new culms that have a couple of branches. Carefully, dig them up and prepare them for propagation in pots.
    • Water the new cuttings/plants thoroughly.
    • Mulch the new bamboo plant using bark or other organic materials.

    5 factors affect the growth of bamboo new cuttings

    Propagating bamboo plants is a long-term affair. Take these 5 factors into consideration when growing new bamboo plants.

    1. Choose the site carefully

    The two bamboo plant varieties in UK gardens are tough plants. But the new plants are susceptible to the weather. 

    New bamboo plants grown from cuttings should be propagated in locations where there is a good amount of sunlight and away from direct wind.

    2. Identify the garden feature you want

    Running Bamboo plants are ideal for growing in the garden. 

    They have tall colourful stems, unmistakably evergreen. Winterhardy, are permanent screen all year round.

    Read about the features and cost of the two bamboo varieties and 13 types of bamboo grown in the UK.

    3. Prepare the soil

    Bamboos are tough plants. They can endure poor soils, but it is better to propagate the new cuttings in nutrient-rich soil topped with mulch.

    If you’re propagating new bamboo in a container, use potting mix or well-sieved soils and fine sand.

    4. Maintain early-stage care

    The new bamboo cuttings will need the right amount of water and attention in Spring as the roots start to develop and the leaves come out. 

    Pay extra attention when planting the bamboo cuttings in late Spring or early Summer.

    Mulching is highly recommended as it will help to retain water in soil or pots and containers ( where the cuttings are planted).

    5. Monitor new bamboo growth

    While the bamboo cuttings are growing, you should regularly check them for any signs of wilting, bug infestation, weeds, and lack of sunlight.

    Taking good care of the new bamboo cuttings/plants will give you a 100% success rate.

    Key points for growing bamboo cuttings

    Here are the key points for growing running bamboo plants

    • New plants need some attention.
    • Water generously to keep the soil moist.
    • Running bamboo plants are ideal for outdoor gardens and tall screens.
    • Grow cuttings in spring, use nutrient-rich soil and mulch to grow cuttings.
    • New plants need constant attention. Water generously, keep the soil moist.

    Important checks

    The new cuttings will require care and attention when you see the signs of new leaves. So, check for the following.

    • The soil remains moist, but not waterlogged. (Read about the best soil for growing bamboo)
    • Check for unusual paleness on the culm and leaves, as any change in colour will reveal the condition of the cuttings.
    • Move the new plants to a safer location IF the temperature drops or rises dramatically.
    • Do not place them under big trees, when placing the cuttings in shades, as the falling branches will ruin your hard work.

    Enjoy the growth and development of your new bamboo plants because they are amazing plants. 

    Check out this article on Bamboo Plants that Thrive in UK Gardens, it is an insightful take on how to identify and grow new bamboo plants.

    We hope this article inspires you to grow your own Bamboo plant in the garden and enjoy the beauty of this amazing plant.

    This page contains articles on how to propagate healthy bamboo plants - check out the archive for more info.


    Steps for growing bamboo plants from stem cuttings

    Bamboo plants can grow from stem cuttings, but it is not as effective as growing bamboo from base separation and rhizome cuttings. It will also take a long time to germinate.

    Follow the steps below for successful propagation by stem cuttings.

    Grow bamboo plants UK
     

    This page contains articles on how to propagate healthy bamboo plants - check out the archive for more info.

    Use candle wax 

    Step 1: Cut some cuttings from a three or four-year-old bamboo plant at 45 degrees angle. 

    Each cutting must have at least two nodes and one internode. 

    Cover the ends of the bamboo cuttings with wax to save them from rotting or drying.

    Use rooting hormone

    Step 2: Dip the bamboo cuttings in rooting hormone and ensure that the fresh cuts are covered with the hormone before shaking the excess off.

    Use good soil!

    Step 3: Fill large a pot or container with potting mix or loam soil (mixture of equal parts sand, silt and clay). Make several holes in the soil and plant the culm cuttings.

    Depending on the number of cuttings, you may need more than one pot. 

    Ideally, an 20cm garden pot should hold not more than 6 new culm cuttings.

    Water & humidity promote growth

    Step 4: Cover the cuttings with a clear plastic bag to keep the soil moist. 

    Put the pot of newly planted culm cuttings in a warm area, out of direct sunlight.

    Water the cuttings to keep the soil moist as water and humidity promote new growth.

    Continue early-stage care

    Step 5: When you see new shoots, it means the cuttings are putting out roots and rhizomes in the soil.

    Continue to water the cuttings until they are ready to move into new pots or planted straight in the garden.

    Here is an in-depth article on how to grow bamboo plants from stem cuttings.

    How to grow bamboo from rhizomes

    Bamboo plants grow well from rhizome cuttings - use the steps for growing healthy bamboo plants.

    This propagation method works for the running bamboo because they have elongated rhizomes. Note that the rhizomes are in fact underground stems with nodes and internodes. 

    Cut carefully along the nodes as new bamboo plants germinate at the node.

    How to grow bamboo from rhizomes

    You can use the 5 steps to propagate both clumping and running bamboo for their rhizomes.

    Careful at the nodes

    Step 1: Separate the rhizomes from the parent bamboo plants. 

    Careful not to break the rhizome tips and new shoots or buds growing at the rhizome’s nodes.

    Preserve new shoots

    Step 2: Cut the rhizomes 4 - 6 buds using pair of secateurs. 

    The best tip is to preserve new shoots at the nodes as they have a high chance of germinating when propagated into pots.

    If you are taking cuttings from the main clump, leave 2 – 3 small culms on it. 

    You can also use the rhizome tips/shoots as new cuttings.

     Water immediately

    Step 3: Water both the new cuttings and the parent bamboo plant thoroughly. 

    Place the new cuttings straight into a bucket of water so that they don’t dry out.

    You can dip the bamboo into growth hormone to boost root growth.

    Plant cuttings in good soil

    Step 4: Fill a large 20 – 30 cm pot or container with potting mix or loam soil (mixture of equal parts sand, silt and clay).

    If you need more information about soil prep, check out this article.

    Step 5: Make several holes in the soil and plant the rhizome cuttings with the shoots and rhizome buds facing up. Water the newly planted rhizomes cuttings thoroughly.

    Depending on the size of the cuttings, you may need more than one pot. Place the pot in a shaded area, away from direct sun.

    The Rhizomes will take about four to six weeks to grow. So, water consistently but do not overwater.

    Here is an in-depth article on how to grow bamboo plants from rhizome cuttings.

    This page contains articles on how to propagate healthy bamboo plants 

    - check out the archive for more info.

    Evergreen bamboo screens for balcony and terrace

    Bamboo plants provide natural privacy screens for relaxation areas such as the balcony, patio, and porch.

    Its natural evergreen foliage, slender leaves and various cane colourations have been known to create a calming atmosphere in outdoor spaces.

    This article identifies the different outdoor places and suggests the right bamboo plants for screening for a balcony, deck, patio or porch.

    Can I grow bamboo plants for small outdoor spaces?

    Bamboo plants come in different sizes, shapes and colours – tall, short, running, clumping, etc. The options are endless! 

    But you must select the running and clumping bamboos carefully to grow in pots. (Read about how to grow bamboo in pots).

    Both the running bamboo and the clumping bamboo plants have small varieties that are best for small outdoor spaces. 

    Many of these bamboo plants thrive in pots and containers and are perfect privacy screens for the balcony, deck, patio or porch.

    You can move them around and make them fit.

    Buy bamboo plants are crocus.co.uk

    Evergreen bamboo privacy screens for balcony or terrace

    Many people use the terms balcony and terrace interchangeably to mean an extended outdoor space that has a roof cover and comfortable seating area. 

    In fact, there is a slight difference between the two outdoor spaces. The balcony is smaller and has only one entry door whereas the terrace is comparatively larger with multiple entryways. Both are affixed to the main building structure.

    So, what are the best bamboo plants for privacy screening on a balcony or terrace? 

    Firstly, find out the length of the space that needs screening, and how many pots or containers may be required. 

    Secondly, decide what containers are best for the space and how many you’ll need.

    The third step is important – what type of bamboo plants to choose?

    How to find the right Bamboo Privacy Screen: Check out the list bamboo plants for privacy screening balconies and terraces. They are slender, tall, and fast-growing. Ideal screens for narrow spaces.

    How to select bamboo plants for privacy screens?

    Both deck and patio are often used for large recreational activities and gatherings at home.

    A deck is an elevated ‘roofless’ outdoor seating area whereas a patio may not be necessarily elevated and is made of paving stones, bricks and blocks. 

    Many homeowners prefer to use bamboo sticks (canes) and bamboo mats for deck and patio screening, but do you know bamboo plants are also great natural privacy screens and windshields?

    You can even turn the deck into a private outdoor space and block out the unsightly features by screening it with bamboo plants.

    The tall, upright and slender running bamboo and clumping bamboo plants that reach 2 - 4 metres in height are perfect for deck screening.

    How to find the right bamboo plants for deck or patio privacy screening: We compiled a list of small to medium bamboo plants end of this article to give you an idea about the right plants to pick for screening patio and deck.

    bamboo privacy screens UK

    Bamboo privacy screen for porch or veranda

    Porch and veranda do not vary a great deal. 

    Often these two enclosures may refer to a roofed entrance (or the front) of a house. However, a veranda can extend to the side or the back of the house. Whereas, a porch is located at the front of the house.

    Many porches and verandas are long and narrow. Therefore, select a bamboo that will serve well in narrow spaces such as the clump-forming bamboo plants.

    The upright bamboo plants grow without arching. 

    They have tough narrow canes (culms), slender leaves, and dense foliage - suitable bamboo plants for creating a natural privacy screen in narrow spaces. 

    10 small and medium bamboo plants for an outdoor screen

    We identified the different outdoors areas and bamboo for privacy screens so far. In addition, we created an easy-to-use guide for selecting the right bamboo plants.

    Check out the list of small to medium bamboo plants.

    How we arrange the bamboo plants in this list: We consider the height and spread of the bamboo as we arrange the bamboo according to its uses. 

    For example, the small bamboo plants are ideal for small enclosures like the porch, veranda and balcony. 

    The bamboo plants that are two metres in height are good for large enclosures like the patio, deck and terrace. 

    Buy these bamboo plants are crocus.co.uk.

    How to grow bamboo plants in pots and containers

    Growing bamboo plants for the balcony, deck, patio or porch needs careful planning.

    We cannot stress enough to plant the bamboo in pots and containers, whether it is running or clumping bamboo. This is the best way to contain the bamboo plants from spreading to other spaces.

    If you are going to grow a new bamboo purchase, bamboo cuttings, here are two articles to help you:

    Why Bamboo Privacy Screen for Balcony, Deck, Patio and Porch?

    Bamboo plants are fast-growing and can produce the evergreen dense privacy screen in 2 to 3 years.

    The bamboo plants are tolerant to pests and variable weather conditions. 

    Some bamboo plants are extremely hardy and can withstand very low temperatures in Winter.

    One reason why bamboo plants are ideal for small outdoor spaces is that they are undemanding plants. They thrive in small, confined spaces with well-drained soil and good moisture. 

    Also, you do not need to replace the bamboo plants or re-potting them unless they outgrow the pots after 5 - 10 years.

    The balcony, deck, patio or porch screening plants will need fertiliser feed or a plant grower, at least, once a year. 

    So, give them a feed ideally early in Spring - just before the new plant shoots grow. This will give you lush greenery and a formidable privacy screen for many years.

    Related articles on Evergreen Outdoor Privacy Screen

    Readers' note: This article is so long that we split it into several parts. Here are the related parts that you may also like to read: